Location and Brief History of Sukkur Barrage

It is situated across River Indus, about 300 miles North East of Karachi. The Barrage is built on River Indus about 3 miles below the Railway Bridge, or the Sukkur Gorge. The idea of Sukkur Barrage, Barrage was conceived by Mr. C.A .Fife, in the year 1868, however, the project was finally sanctioned in 1923. The Head Works and Canals were completed by 1932. The Sukkur Barrage, is the pride of Pakistan’s Irrigation system and his the largest single Irrigation work of its kind in the whole world.

This Barrage which is the backbone of the economy of the entire Country through its net-work of Canals providing Irrigation supplies or an area of 7.63 million acres which forms approximately 25% of total canal irrigated area of the country. The Nara canal which is one of the 7 Canals off taking from this Barrage is the longest canal of this country, carrying discharge almost equal to that of Thames River at London and its bed width which is 346 ft. is 1 ½ (one and half) times as big as of Suez Canal. In fact Nara Canal is not a man-made canal has it was the southern-most part of Hakro River which emanated from the foot hills of Sutlej which after traversing through the Punjab and Bhawalpur Plains joined Nara through Raini River, the remnants of which are still exiting in Ghotki Taluka. This Canal caters for an area of 2.3 million acres which is nearly equivalent to the entire Sindh area settled on Guddu Barrage alone.

The next largest canal is Rohri Canal which through slightly shorter in length than Nara Canal is yet taking discharge much more than the former. It has culture-able area of 2.6 million acres settled for Irrigation. Cotton crop, wheat crop and sugar-cane crop are the main crops grown on this canal system. All the four canals on the left and two canals on the right bank of River Indus are perennial canals, delivering Irrigation supplies all the year round. The seventh canal namely, Rice Canal on the right side is a seasonal canal which flows only in Kharif Season and is designed for rice cultivation. The N.W. Canal on the right bank provides perennial Irrigation for an area of 9.65 Lac acres out of which 1.84 Lac acres are situated in Baluchistan Province, receiving Irrigation supplies from the canals which originate from the Barrages in Sindh and feed the areas in both the provinces.

Comparison to other Barrages

Name Of Barrage

Year Of Commissioning

Area Commanded In Million Acres

Withdrawal Capacity In Cusecs